Vineyard Installation Process

Soil Samples

  • Dig soil pits and collect samples for lab analyses
  • Determine nutritional requirements and soil amendments

Grapevines

  • Variety and clonal selection based upon owner preferences and site location parameters
  • One-year old vines are grafted onto a rootstock to maximize success. Rootstock selection is based on soil conditions, microclimate, and trellis design and spacing.
  • Locate desired planting stock from one of many specialized nurseries throughout California

Vineyard Design and Layout

  • Create design and specifications that take the following parameters into consideration:
    • Aesthetics
    • Topography
    • Sun exposure
    • Maximizing row length, crop yield, and quality
    • Existing drainage
    • Management efficiency
  • Transcribe vineyard specs onto proposed site to ensure accuracy and efficient installation

Trellis System

  • Install high quality steel highway posts and redwood end posts to ensure vineyard stability and longevity
  • End posts are angled and stabilized in concrete
  • Each row has six to eight thick-gauge high-tensile galvanized wires to add to the strength of the trellis.  The irrigation hose attaches to the lowest wire, the middle wire holds the cordons (branches) of the vines, and sets of upper wires function as catch wires for summer growth.

Irrigation System

  • Tie into the existing water line and install an underground main line that spans the length of the vineyard
  • Install appropriate solenoids, air vents and pressure regulators
  • Install a riser at each row and run above-ground drip hoses
  • Install two 1/2 gallon-per-hour pressure compensating emitters per vine to ensure equal water distribution
  • Pressure test irrigation system to check for uniformity and integrity

Planting

  • Auger/hand dig planting holes
  • Carefully tamp soil around the roots to eliminate air pockets
  • Water-in each vine